Ppt kyoto protocol powerpoint presentation free to. The kyoto protocol is a protocol update to the united nations framework convention on climate change. The parties in annex i shall strive to implement policies and measures in such a way as to minimize adverse effects, including effects on international trade, and. The kyoto protocol, which entered into force on 16 february 2005, commits developed countries to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases by 5% in 2012 compared to 1990. Negotiations have been mandated by the adoption of the. Kyoto protocol and summarise t he policy actions each reg ion has taken to reduce its ghg emissions. It was signed in 1997, but until industrialized nations accounting for more than half of the worlds greenhouse gases ratified the treaty, it was a lame duck agreement. David victor, the collapse of the kyoto protocol and the struggle to slow global warming princeton, nj princeton university press, 2001. International negotiations for a postkyoto regime arab forum for. Jul 24, 2017 the kyoto protocol was an amendment to the united nations framework convention on climate change unfccc, an international treaty intended to bring countries together to reduce global warming and to cope with the effects of temperature increases that are unavoidable after 150 years of industrialization. The kyoto protocol is a protocol to the united nations framework convention on climate change unfccc, aimed at fighting global warming the unfccc is an international environmental treaty with the goal of achieving the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would. With carbon emissions reaching an alltime high of 400ppm in 2014, limiting atmospheric emission to less than 2oc is critical to ending. For context, this was after the first and second assessment reports from the ipcc. However, post the kyoto protocol countries have been implementing a series of environmental regulations, and in this chapter we document the environmental regulations that appeared in the united states and japan.
Prior to the kyoto protocol on climate change, environmental regulations tended to emerge following a particular environmental disaster. Generally part of the united nations framework convention on climate change unfccc, these talks concern the period after the first commitment period of the kyoto protocol, which expired at the end of 2012. Ppt kyoto protocol powerpoint presentation free to view. Pdf the kyoto protocol, which entered into force on 16 february 2005, commits developed countries to reduce their emissions of greenhouse. Kyoto protocol, in full kyoto protocol to the united nations framework convention on climate change, international treaty, named for the japanese city in which it was adopted in december 1997, that aimed to reduce the emission of gases that contribute to global warming. Post kyoto protocol negotiations on greenhouse gas emissions. The kyoto protocol to the united nations framework convention on climate change unfccc marked the first significant attempt by the. This common but differentiated strategy was codified in the socalled berlin mandate of 1995 a product of cop1, which effectively exempted all developing countries from the kyoto protocol. The protocol was signed by 37 industrialized countries and the european union. Wilcoxen, climate change policy after kyoto a blueprint for a realistic approach washington dc. It may not be a household word, but by now the kyoto protocol has become a wellknown political slogan. As of july 2010, 191 states have signed and ratified the protocol. President bush has called it fundamentally flawed, while some. Global environmental governance and fourth generation environmental law, 21 j.
List of books and articles about kyoto protocol online. Kyoto protocol and postkyoto negotiations vers le monde. The conference of parties to the united nations framework convention on climate change unfccc and the parties to the kyoto protocol met in bali in december 2007. This period is essential to a developing country like kazakhstan to adapt to the post kyoto protocol area. The kyoto protocol set an ini tial target and a time table for reducing emissions by industrialized countries. Nov 28, 2015 kyoto protocol to the united nations framework convention on climate change, dec. Nongovernmental actors influence negotiations with insider or outsider strategies. Unlike unfccc, kyoto protocol aims to achieve a legally binding emissions reduction by industrialised countries 1. Our new crystalgraphics chart and diagram slides for powerpoint is a collection of over impressively designed datadriven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. We describe the basic features of a post kyoto international global climate agreement, which addresses. Sep 25, 2012 our study empirically investigates the effects of the kyoto protocols quantified emission limitation or reduction commitments on various greenhouse gas ghg emissions such as carbon dioxide co2, methane ch4, nitrous oxide n2o, and other greenhouse gases consisting of hydrofluorocarbons hfcs, perfluorocarbons pfcs, and sulfur hexafluoride sf6. Kyoto protocolpresented byjibin m varghesepr10ee1002justin babypr10ee1007shanthibhushan bpr10ee1025manu n govindpr10ee1028ajeesh gpr10ee1034.
The plan is for countries who adopt the protocol to limit how much carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases they expel into the atmosphere. Post kyoto protocol negotiations opened the ageworn pandora box of climate politics between the north and south. Jun 06, 2016 the objective of the kyoto protocol was to keep the global temperature rise below 2. The explicit rules for carrying out the protocol were adopted in marrakech in 2001. The magnitude and distribution of the gains from emissions trading are examined for both an annex b market and for full global trading, as well as the effects of import limitations, noncompetitive behavior, and less than fully efficient supply. Lessons from kyoto the paris accord provides its members with more flexibility than the earlier kyoto protocol, an argument for those who want the united states to remain in the deal.
May 23, 2011 the talks are undergoing since 2004, from cop10, argentina, when for the first time, discussions on the post kyoto mechanism, on how to allocate emission reduction obligation following 2012 started. The kyoto protocol was adopted in 1997 and really represents the first global attempt to implement emissions reduction targets for the purpose of address global climate change. Industrialized coun tries were to reduce greenhouse. The kyoto protocol is an international agreement, which for the first time establishes legally binding limits for 37 industrialized countries on emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse. The kyoto protocol is a protocol linked to the united nations framework convention on climate change unfccc or fccc, aimed at fighting global warming. Climate report n44 expost evaluation of the kyoto protocol. Kazakhstans co2 emissions in the postkyoto protocol era. Post kyoto negotiations refers to high level talks attempting to address global warming by limiting greenhouse gas emissions. The kyoto protocol was an amendment to the united nations framework convention on climate change unfccc, an international treaty intended to bring countries together to reduce global warming and to cope with the effects of temperature increases that are unavoidable after 150 years of industrialization. Cdm is one of the mechanisms under kyoto protocol to do this. The second part of the document examines issues arising from the kyoto protocol which are of direct concern to the south.
Winner of the standing ovation award for best powerpoint templates from presentations magazine. The kyoto protocol nonetheless contains compliance provisions built around the. Postkyoto international climate policy architecture three. Kyoto protocol summary first international treaty on. Following kyoto, the european union must now develop a post kyoto strategy kl meet its protocol commitments. Canada was active in the negotiations that led to the kyoto protocol in 1997. See also andrew long, global integrationist multimodality. An international transaction log, a softwarebased accounting system, ensures the secure transfer of emission reduction units erus between countries. The kyoto protocol, which was adopted on december 11, 1997, in kyoto, japan, came into force on february 16, 2005. Designing the post kyoto climate regime the belfer center for. The kyoto protocol restates this obligation, using somewhat stronger language united nations, 1997. Nov 01, 2007 this common but differentiated strategy was codified in the socalled berlin mandate of 1995 a product of cop1, which effectively exempted all developing countries from the kyoto protocol.
Having committed through the kyoto protocol and european trading system to the establishment and maintenance of a carbon market, the european union eu not surprisingly committed to a post kyoto regime that included the basic institutional structure of targets and timetables and flexibility mechanisms found in the kyoto protocol. The kyoto protocol was adopted in kyoto, japan, on 11 december 1997 and entered into force on 16 february 2005. The kyoto protocol is an offshoot of unfccc with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas ghg concentration in the atmosphere in annex i countries by 5. Postkyoto perspectives from the south climate change. Based on the productionbased emission inventories, we further estimate the carbon emissions in 2012 and 2014 from the consumption perspective.
In force since 2005, the protocol called for reducing the emission of six. The kyoto protocol spurred the creation of the european union emissions trading scheme, and many people foresee the growth. Theyll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance the kind of sophisticated look that todays audiences expect. Greenhouse gas emissions and the role of the kyoto protocol. Following introduction of the kyoto protocol on climate change in 2005, countries around the world have been changing their environmental policies in order to reduce carbon emissions. The kyoto protocol is an international treaty which extends the 1992 united nations framework convention on climate change unfccc that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the scientific consensus that part one global warming is occurring and part two it is extremely likely that humanmade co 2 emissions have predominantly caused it. Virtually all agree, however, that the protocol is not sufficient to the overall challenge.
Worlds best powerpoint templates crystalgraphics offers more powerpoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. However, for post 2012 regime, we believe, that if developed economies agree to fund development of solar power projects in developing economies, in a manner whereby solar power becomes competitive with fossil fuel based power, we could have a winwin. Those parties that have not yet signed the kyoto protocol may accede to it at any time. The provisions of the kyoto protocol were legally binding on the ratifying nations and. Third and most importantly for policy making post kyoto, tensions exist between the two regimes, as the fluorinated ghgs that are controlled under the kyoto protocol are considered part of the solution of the problem of ozone depletion by many section 3. When russia ratified kyoto in 2005, it became a legally binding document. The commission does not yet have all the elements to put on the table a detailed implemen. Second commitment period under the kyoto protocol for the second commitment period, the eu, its 28 member states and iceland have inscribed a commitment of reducing average annual emissions by 20 % during the 202020 period, as. Group 6ankita mahajan 110 briji komban 115 ramya uk 144 2.
The kyoto protocol is an international treaty extending the 1992 united nations framework convention on climate change unfccc which aims to reduce the effects of climate change like global warming. In this paper, we empirically investigate the impact of the kyoto protocol on co2 emissions using a sample of 170 countries over the period 19922009. With carbon emissions reaching alltime high of 400ppm in 2014, limiting atmospheric emission to less than 2oc is critical to ending fossil fuel. Conference of the parties to the unfccc in kyoto, japan, on 11 december 1997. Due to the abstention of the united states and the absence of constraint on southern countries, the protocol establishes obligations only to countries that represent only 33%. An introduction to the implementation of thailand since 1992, the climate change has become one of. The kyoto protocol, which entered into force on 16 february 2005, commits developed countries to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases by 5% in 2012. Winter 2004 67 in spite of these very fundamental uncertainties, the kyoto protocol, adopted in 1997, insists on lowering emissions in the hope of reaching stabilization at some level, preferably one that is not too high. The market crashed in 2012 when the value of credits collapsed and thousands of projects were left with unclaimed credits. India, along with south africa and 35 other like minded countries has submitted a proposal calling for annexi parties to agree to at least 40%. Canadas kyoto target was a 6% total reduction in greenhouse gas ghg emissions by 2012, compared to 1990 levels of 461 megatonnes mt government of canada gc 1994. It was initially adopted on 11 december 1997 in kyoto, japan and entered into force on 16 february 2005. Postkyoto protocol negotiations on greenhouse gas emissions. Chart and diagram slides for powerpoint beautifully designed chart and diagram s for powerpoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects.
The detailed rules for the implementation of the protocol were adopted at cop 7 in marrakesh, morocco, in 2001, and are referred to as the marrakesh accords. Kyoto protocol and postkyoto negotiations introduction protection of climate system of the planet earth was separated as an independent environmental topic in the occasion of important international conferences in the 1970. Academics are valued by government delegates for the neutrality and expertise they can provide as policy advisors to facilitate negotiations. We would like to show you a description here but the site wont allow us.
Analysis of postkyoto co2 emissions trading using marginal. Toward a postkyoto climate change architecture the belfer. Open for signature from 16 march 1998 to 15 march 1999 at united nations headquarters by that date the protocol had received 84 signatures. Fred singer the new atlantis, number 4, winter 2004, pp. The kyoto protocol, which entered into force on 16 february 2005, commits developed countries to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases by 5% in 2012 compared. Climate change as a political process eijariitta korhola academic dissertation to be presented for public examination with the permission of the faculty of biological and environmental sciences of the university of helsinki in main building fabianinkatu 33, small hall. Post kyoto protocol negotiations opened the ageworn pandora box of climate politics. Economic aspects of global warming in a post copenhagen. Jul 09, 2010 post 2012 target kyoto protocol article 3. The 2009 copenhagen meeting was designed to negotiate a successor agreement for the post kyoto period. Kyoto treaty is an international agreement under united nations framework convention on climate change unfccc.922 228 656 673 620 1280 1445 391 1254 1210 819 554 63 247 333 132 382 980 96 1409 357 1086 1127 1079 297 365 461 968 1117 1053 1088 834 279 147 832 756 1051 1420 397 857 16