Dysphania ambrosioides proper noun edit a taxonomic species within the family amaranthaceae wormseed, epazote, native to warm temperate new world environments. Jan 15, 2016 with a scientific name dysphania ambrosioides formerly chenopodium ambrosioides, this green leafy vegetable is native to central america, southern mexico, and south america. Epazote is a herb with a long history of use as a spice in latin american cuisine and as an effective, natural remedy for eliminating harmful organisms from the digestive tract. Dysphania ambrosioides wikipedia, a enciclopedia livre. Manual of the flowering plants of hawaii, revised edition. Dysphania ambrosioides is used as a leaf vegetable, herb, and herbal tea for its pungent flavor. Occurs in following seasons depending on latitude and elevation. Essential oil from chenopodium ambrosioides l secretory structures, antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Wed like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Pdf diversity and heavy metal tolerance of endophytic. Data source and references for dysphania ambrosioides.
Chenopodium comes from the greek words chen, meaning goose, and podion, meaning little foot, referring to the leaf shape of some species ambrosioides means resembling am. Volatile constituents and antibacterial screening of the essential oil. Pdf the project was intended to the phytochemical characterisation from the. The genes located outside of the circle are transcribed clockwise, while those located inside are transcribed counterclockwise. Greek dysphanis for obscure, referring to the inconspicuous flowers plants. Biological activities of extracts from chenopodium ambrosioides. The absence of effective vaccines and the limitations of current treatments make the search for effective therapies a real need.
The essential oil of the aerial parts of chenopodium ambrosioides l. Anatomical and histochemical analysis of dysphania. Dysphania ambrosioides biochemical extracts of the plant dysphania ambrosioides american wormseed containing terpenoid chemicals which soften insect cuticle and disrupt respiration. The alabama plant atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species.
With a scientific name dysphania ambrosioides formerly chenopodium ambrosioides, this green leafy vegetable is native to central america, southern mexico. The essential oil obtained from dysphania ambrosioides, a fragrant plant growing wildly in tunisia, was extracted by hydrodistillation and analyzed using gcms and gcfid techniques. Online virtual flora of wisconsin dysphania ambrosioides. Dysphania species, epazote, fragrant goose foot, mexican. Amoebicidal activity of essential oil of dysphania ambrosioides l. It is believed that the mayans were among the first to harness the many benefits of this herb. How epazote is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Dysphania species, epazote, fragrant goose foot, mexican tea. Fortyfour components were identified in the essential oil eo, representing 88. Prior to the introduction of synthetic compounds the plant was widely cultivated for the control of hookworms and roundworms and it is still often grown for medicinal and culinary use, especially in its native mexico. However, in the s the world health organization reported that a decoction of 20 g of leaves rapidly expelled parasites without any apparent side effects in humans. Synonyms and antonyms of epazote in the spanish dictionary of synonyms.
As da might be a good candidate for circular economy, more potential applications of the essentialoillessda extracts were pursued by applying green. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The essential oil of tunisian dysphania ambrosioides and. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of crude. Bacterial growth stimulation and antifungal effects of the. Inflorescence of epazote dysphania ambrosioides the species of genus dysphania are annual plants or shortlived perennials.
Prior to the introduction of synthetic compounds the plant was widely cultivated for the control of hookworms and roundworms and it is still often grown for medicinal and culinary use, especially in. Dysphania ambrosioides, formerly chenopodium ambrosioides, known as wormseed, jesuits. Pdf diversity and heavy metal tolerance of endophytic fungi. This study aimed to characterize the essential oil eo of dysphania ambrosioides grown in morocco and to evaluate its antimicrobial activity. Dysphania ambrosioides, formerly chenopodium ambrosioides, known as wormseed, jesuits tea, mexicantea, payqu paico, epazote, mastruz, or herba sanct. Evidencebased complementary and alternative medicine hindawi. Mexicantea chenopodium ambrosioides is a moderate allergen. Gene map of dysphania ambrosioides chloroplast genome. Paldat is the worlds largest database for palynological data. To contribute to the knowledge about medicinal plants, a microscopic analysis was accomplished to describe the main anatomical characters of root, stem, petiole and leaf blade of d. Mosyakin and clemants, according to the infrageneric classification proposed by mosyakin and clemants 2002, 2008.
In vitro antimicrobial and antimycobacterial activity and. Antimicrobial potential was investigated through zone of inhibition and minimum inhibition concentration whereas antioxidant potential of selected plant was evaluated through different techniques, that is, total phenolic contents, total flavonoids content, dpph assay, abts assay, and metal chelating. The national vegetation survey nvs databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Diversity and heavy metal tolerance of endophytic fungi from dysphania ambrosioides, a hyperaccumulator from pbzn contaminated soils. The former species chenopodium ambrosioides also belongs to the group of taxa now included in dysphania, as d. Dysphania ambrosioides da leaves are utilized as food spice. We have treated the taxon dysphania anthelmintica l. Nutritional and pharmacological properties of yerbaniz, epazote, and mountain pima oregano pdf. It is used as a medicine and a food additive and for food.
Synonymic checklists of the vascular plants of the world 2019. Comparative analysis of chloroplast genome of dysphania ambrosioides l. Names of epazote in various languages of the world are also given. In this work we performed the optimization of ultrasoundassisted extraction of flavonoids in the. A weed often found in the waste places of towns and cities. Historically, it has been used to reduce the intestinal gas that occurs with a diet rich in beans. Flowers are small, green, in an elongated, dense, terminal cluster, petals none. Data source and references for dysphania ambrosioides mexican tea from the usda plants database. Pdf comparative analysis of chloroplast genome of dysphania. Pdf extraction optimization, total phenolic, flavonoid contents. Dysphania is a plant genus in the family amaranthaceae, distributed worldwide from the tropics and subtropics to warmtemperate regions. Wormseed chenopodium ambrosioides and wintergreen gaultheria fragrantissima essential oils are known. Epazote herb uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients.
Garlic oil biochemical extract from garlic, which acts as an insect repellent. This herb is traditional for mexican cooking, adding a sweet, mild flavor of its own to each dish. The essential oil of tunisian dysphania ambrosioides and its. The new york flora atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Plants profile for dysphania ambrosioides mexican tea. Dal infusion is utilized as antihelminthic in traditional medicine, the extracted essential oil eo is vermifugue and genotoxic, and has been repurposed as biopesticide. Chenopodium ambrosioides an overview sciencedirect topics.
Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in epazote. Mexicantea chenopodium ambrosioides species details and. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. The plant is a popular and very effective vermifuge, as well as having many other medicinal properties. Bixa orellana and dysphania ambrosioides aromatic plant. Browse pictures and read growth cultivation information about dysphania species, epazote, fragrant goose foot, mexican tea, wormseed dysphania ambrosioides supplied by member gardeners in the p. This species is accepted, and its native range is america, subantarctic islands. The species name ambrosioides ambrosialike probably refers to the strong odour. Dysphania ambrosioides chenopodium ambro sioides use.
The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at. Epazote has a slightly tangy flavor, reminiscent of oregano and a hint of mint. Once established in new areas, it grows as a weed affecting agriculture and native vegetation. Crude, aqueous, ethanol extracts and essential oils of aerial parts of dysphania ambrosioides were investigated for their in vitro antimicrobial properties.
Have you ever heard of epazote pronounced ehpuhzoetay. Provided by usda nrcs wetland science institute wsi. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria. Composition of essential oil of moroccan dysphania ambrosioides. Judging from the herbarium material available, there are several entities naturalized in china.
Chenopodiaceae, commonly known as mexican tea, is a polymorphic annual, and perennial herb growing to a height of over 1 m and covered with aromatic glandular hair. Always verify your plant specimen and deposit a voucher in a verified herbarium. Ambrosia is, according to greek mythology, a nourishment reserved for the olympic gods, as is implied by its name. Southern populations of dysphania ambrosioides are native while those populations in the northern part of the flora area are introduced.
There are parts of this plant, mostly the seeds, that contain an essential oil that if taken in excess is highly toxic. It produces thousands of small seeds that can be easily dispersed by human activities seed contamination, mud, and farming machinery, as well as by abiotic factors usdaars, 20. Dysphania ambrosioides, chenopodium ambrosioides, mexican. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant.
Dysphania ambrosioides an overview sciencedirect topics. This suggests that caution should be taken when using this plant in any chronic treatment figure 22. The antimicrobial and antioxidant potential of chenopodium ambrosioides l. B detail of the epidermis ep, collenchyma co and idioblasts with crystal sand crs and druse dr. It is widely distributed in west africa especially in nigeria, senegal, ghana, and cameroon 34. Federal distribution and detailed information including photos david g. Analysis of antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of. Evidencebased complementary and alternative medicine. This herb is used in folk medicine in the form of teas, poultices, and infusions for inflammatory. An ecofriendly method for extraction and quantification. The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Andean bryophytes bolivia checklist catalogue of new world grasses ecuador catalogue flora mesoamericana madagascar catalogue moss flora of china peru checklist system details. Dysphania ambrosioides new zealand plant conservation.1286 954 844 645 56 1421 201 520 502 1003 1490 1473 689 856 187 138 514 183 1433 948 187 679 1485 973 872 739 1291 1306 1116 1396 1039 709 758 1453 1060 200 113 1268 1133 229